Growing Our Reserves

Early Ordnance Survey maps of Coldwell

The three early Ordnance Survey (OS) Coldwell maps are reproduced with the permission of the National Library of Scotland Map images website

The NLS site has a wonderful selection of historic OS English maps and encourages free use for personal and educational purposes.  It also offers split screens to compare historic maps with modern OS versions or aerials.

1845 Ordnance Survey 6 inch to the mile map

The surveying for this map was completed in 1845 with publication in 1848. At the time, English maps were based on counties which resulted in some odd shaped productions in border areas. This sheet stops at Leighton Beck at the Lancashire Westmorland boundary.

The configuration of fields at Coldwell is much the same as today and the boundaries of the two fields that make up the Landscape Trust’s new land are clearly shown. This is the only map to mark the drumlin summit, which has a spot height of 107 feet.

Leighton Beck Furnace was built in 1713 and produced iron until 1806 when it was destroyed by an explosion. Apart from a slag heap there is little to see on the ground today but some buildings must have still existed in 1845. By contrast there is no record of the lime kiln at Coldwell Parrock or Coldwell Lime Works and its quarry.

Some names or spellings differ from today’s toponyms. The 1845 Creepock Hole Bridge is now Creep-i’-th’-call Bridge whilst Gatebarrow has become Gait Barrows.

1889 Ordnance Survey 25 inch to the mile map

The first 25 inch sheet shows much more detail and the map is partly coloured. Surveying was completed in 1889 with publication in 1891. Coldwell Lime Works and its quarry are marked and the access track which runs just south of the beck is today’s RSPB permissive bridle path. Creepock Hole Bridge is still named and there is a guide post at the eastern corner of Coldwell Parrock. The areas of the two fields of the new land at Coldwell are recorded.

1911 Ordnance Survey 6 inch to the mile map

This survey was revised in 1911 and published 1919. Coldwell Lime Works is now marked as disused and the modern names of Creep-I’-th’-call and Gait Barrows appear for the first time.

.

Notes by Peter Standing November 2018

You might also be interested in these articles:

Looking for bugs!

Successful Spring Open Days at Coldwell

The May Day Bank holidays saw our Coldwell Horseshoe reserves hosting two contrasting but equally successful events for members of the Trust and the general public. The weather wasn’t its best on either occasion but it did stay (largely) dry and everyone gave every appearance of enjoying their visit.

Read More »
Roadside tree work at Coldwell Parrock

On-going tree work at Coldwell Parrock

Anyone visiting or driving past our reserve at Coldwell Parrock can hardly have failed to notice that the Landscape Trust is currently undertaking a considerable amount of work on the trees and shrub growth around its boundaries. This article by our reserves team explains what is happening and why.

Read More »
Close Menu